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WHAT ARE ADJECTIVES?



An adjective is a word that modifies, or describes a noun or pronoun.   When you use two or more adjectives together, you separate them with a comma.

          Examples:  solid, gold watch

                          Smooth, polished stone

                           Sticky, yellow paper


Some adjectives are made by adding endings to proper nouns.  These are called proper adjectives.  Always begin a proper adjective with a capital letter.  Here are some examples.


   PROPER NOUN                          PROPER ADJECTIVES & NOUN                                                                               MODIFIED

          Japan                                                  Japanese cars

          Congress                                         Congressional hearing


Other proper adjectives do not have special endings.

          Example:   Hollywood movie

                            Irish potato

 EXERCISE :

Identify the adjectives

1.     Use dark green or red ink.

2.     On the old map, red lines represent rail tracks.

3.     Try to eat healthy, nutritious vegetables.

4.     Crystal wore a cute, floppy panama hat.

5.     The new Indian restaurant serves delicious curry.



ADJECTIVES TELL WHAT KIND, HOW MANY, OR WHICH ONE

Examples:

Many adjectives tell what kind:  the big blue lorry.

Some adjectives tell how many:  ten lorries or many lorries.

Other adjectives tell which ones:  this lorry or these lorries.


Usually, two or more adjectives that come before a noun or pronoun are separated with commas.

          Example:  gray, foggy days

However, adjectives that tell number, size, shape and age often do not require commas.

          Example:  four long slender pencils


EXERCISE :

Identify the adjectives that tell what kind, which one, and how many:

1.    Place those sticky markers on this shelf.

2.    Anita made few stops during the long, tiresome journey.

3.    Several tables need new paint.

4.    Sixteen teams will play in these competitions.

5.    I ate three plates of cinnamon bun for breakfast.

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