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                        SINGULAR NOUN AND PLURAL NOUN

A singular noun names one person, place, thing, or idea.   A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing, or idea.


Here are seven rules for forming plural nouns:


1.    To form the plural of most nouns, just add – s.

Examples: cups  desks   hands   fossils



2.    When the singular ends in s, sh, ch, x, or z, add – es.

Examples:    addresses  churches    foxes   buzzes



3.    When the singular ends in o, add – s.

Examples:   stereos      radios         solos      Navajos

     Exceptions:  For the following nouns ending in o, add – es.

     Examples:   echoes      heroes       potatoes    tomatoes



4.    When the singular noun ends in y, with a consonant before it, change the y to i and add – es.

Examples:       butterfly – butterflies            army – armies



5.    For most nouns ending in f or fe, add – s.  For some nouns ending in f or fe, however, change the f to v and add – es.

Examples:        
chief – chiefs    calf – calves     safe – safes     Shelf – shelves



6.    Some nouns are the same for both singular and plural.

Examples:    deer      sheep      trout      moose     bass



7. Some nouns form their plurals in special ways.

     Examples:  

     child - children                 man – men          mouse – mice

     Tooth – teeth                 goose – geese         foot – feet




Exercise: Write the plurals for each of the following nouns.

1. tooth: ________ 2. box: _________    3. woman: _____

4. auto: ________    5. hero: ________    4. leaf: ________

5. thief: ________

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